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Cracking the Code: The New Education Revolution
Ideology
Delivery Systems
Teaching Styles
Classroom Variables
Benchmarks
State Assessments
Publishers
Belief Systems
Theories Influencing Classroom Curriculum
Belief Systems
There are two belief systems guiding educational practice today. One is prevalent among those who do not work in the field of education.  The other is predominant among education professionals. 

1. Academic Achievement is the most important purpose of education. The public, legislatures, governors and the No Child Left Behind legislation (NCLB) all support this position. This asserts that schools are best evaluated in terms of how their students perform rather than by what teachers are doing. The selection of instructional method is determined through an examination of their effectiveness in terms of academic achievement.

2. Learning in which progressive teaching methods designed to enhance "learning" are endorsed by Education schools and the national organizations that support them.  These methods are primarily child-centered and may not only fail to increase academic achievement, they may actually degrade it. Instead of teachers teaching students, they believe that it is the role of a good teacher to create the proper environment for learning and if this done properly, students will "learn" by constructing their own meaning. "Learning," unlike academic achievement, is evaluated in terms of what the teachers is doing. It does not require an examination of what is happening to the students in the classroom.
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Theories Influencing Classroom Curriculum
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Student-Centered Learning
Several features characterize student-centered learning. Students have opportunities and increased responsibility to identify their own learning needs, locate learning resources, and construct their own knowledge based on those needs (rather than having a standard or identical knowledge base imparted to all students).
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Additional Resources:
Navigating The Bumpy Road to Student-Centered Instruction
Study: Student-Centered Learning Ineffective

Outcome-Based Education (OBE)
The desired outcome is selected first and the curriculum, instructional materials and assessments are created to support the intended outcome. Read More

Additional Resource:
Outcome-Based Education: Miracle Cure or Plague?

When states began efforts to institute outcome-based education programs, they turned the crucial task of defining outcomes over to the very education establishment figures most threatened by the process. Having adopted in principle the focus on results, the educators present a list of outcomes that emphasize values, attitudes, and behavior and often reflect quasi-political or ideologically correct positions.


Core Curriculum
Core Curriculum is the course of study, which is deemed central and usually made mandatory for all students of a school or school system. Core curricula are often instituted, at the primary and secondary levels, by school boards, Departments of Education, or other administrative agencies charged with overseeing education.
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Whole Language
Learning to read and spell is just like learning to talk. All language is naturally acquired, according to whole-language devotees. Reading is analogous to listening; children's brains are focused on meaning as language is processed, not on the structure or form of language. To focus instead on structure and form is unnatural and unnecessary. Children will extract the structure and form of print if they are exposed to it sufficiently in the context of meaning-making activities, just as they have extracted the rules of phonology and syntax in oral language without any formal instruction. The acquisition of the alphabetic code is a minor concern because it will happen if children have a purpose for learning it. Read More

Additional Resources:
Dr. G. Reid Lyon - Converging Evidence - Reading Research - What It Takes To Read
What’s Wrong with Whole Language?


Character Education
Character education i
nvolves teaching children about basic human values including honesty, kindness, generosity, courage, freedom, equality, and respect.

The goal is to raise children to become morally responsible, self-disciplined citizens. Problem solving, decision making, and conflict resolution are important parts of developing moral character. Through role playing and discussions, students can see that their decisions affect other people and things.
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Multiculturalism
Multiculturalism is a policy that emphasizes the unique characteristics of different cultures, especially as they relate to one another in receiving nations. Read More

Tech Prep Education
Tech Prep Education is a 4+2 , 3+2 or a 2+2 planned sequence of study in a technical field beginning as early as the ninth year of school. The sequence extends through two years of postsecondary occupational education or an apprenticeship program of at least two years following secondary instruction, and culminates in an associate degree or certificate.

Tech Prep is an important school-to-work transition strategy, helping all students make the connection between school and employment.
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Paideia
Paideia is an educational program presented by Mortimer Adler and the Paideia Group in 1982. It is designed for all students in order to better educate our future citizens. The goals are to prepare students:

▪ to earn a living
▪ to be a citizen
▪ to be a lifelong learner

Paideia is a dynamic approach to restructuring schools to foster more active learning and a better use of teacher and student time. The curriculum stresses key ideas, basic skills and significant facts. Activities include:

Socratic teaching in seminars with primary sources (e.g., documents, essays, speeches, stories, art and math and
   science experiments) for understanding
Coaching sessions for development of specific skills (e.g., reading, writing, listening, analyzing, computing, and
   problem-solving)
Didactic instruction for recall of important facts and information.
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